Hialeah Gardens, FL -- (SBWIRE) -- 07/10/2014 -- Butorphanol is a pain reliever that acts as both a sedative and pain reliever by binding to opioid receptors in the brain. It is given to cats, dogs and horses. Butorphanol is four to seven times stronger than the opiate morphine. It acts within three minutes of being injected but its effects only last up to four hours. It is often combined with sedatives such as ketamine and acepromazine to tranquilize cats and dogs before procedures requiring general anesthesia. Before procedures in horses, it is given in conjunction with xylazine or detomidine.
Side effects of this drug are like any other opiate; sedation, confusion and dizziness. The animals may have a decreased appetite, throw up and have diarrhea. Animals with hypothyroidism, kidney disease or other serious diseases should not get butorphanol.
Animals with injuries to the head or nervous and heart problems should not be given the drug. Butorphanol suppresses coughing which can be dangerous for animals with lower respiratory infections that are producing mucus when they cough.Revolution for Dogs Butorphanol can cross the placenta, so it should be avoided in pregnant cats, dogs and horses. One advantage of butorphanol is that if too much of the drug is given, the drug naloxone can be given to reverse its effects.
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