Rosemary oil is extracted from Rosmarinus officinalis (also known as Rosmarinus coronarium) of the Labiatae family and is also known as incense. Rosemary oil has a bright, powerful refreshing herbal smell, is clear in color and watery in viscosity. Rosemary oil is extracted from the fresh flowering tops by steam distillation. It yields 1.0 - 2.0 %. The main chemical components of rosemary oil are a-pinene, borneol, b-pinene, camphor, boranyl acetate, camphene, 1,8-cineole, and limonene. The therapeutic properties of rosemary oil are analgesic, antidepressant, astringent, carminative, cephalic, cholagogues, cordial, digestive, diuretic, emmenagogue, hepatic, hypertensive, nervine, rubefacient, stimulant, sudorific and tonic.