Gynecological cancers are characterized by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells. These cancers originate in the female reproductive organs such as uterus, cervix, ovaries, vagina and vulva. Several factors are responsible for the occurrence of these cancers. It includes various classes of cancer originating genes, known as oncogenes, which promotes the abnormal growth of cells. The abnormal function of these genes regulates through aging, smoking and environmental influences. In addition, infertility, obesity, mutations, early start of menstruation and late start of menopause also causes gynecological cancers. Gynecological cancers are also originated by some viruses. For instance, almost all cervical cancers and vaginal and vulva cancers are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). These gynecological cancers are treated by medication therapies, radiation therapy, surgeries and chemotherapy. Treatments of these cancers are depends upon the type and different stages of cancers.