Neonate refers to the newly born baby. Neonatal is the period of around 4 weeks after birth. Among children, newborns have higher risk of death as they are more susceptible to acquire infections. Individuals taking care of neonatal infants are called neonatologists. Neonatologists provide comprehensive treatment and care to premature and full-term infant. The immune system of neonatal infant is not fully developed, which increases risk of developing various neonatal disorders. Neonate may suffer from various disorders such as neonatal cardiac murmur, neonatal diarrhoea, neonatal distress, sudden infant death syndrome, neonatal edema, neonatal hypoglycaemia, neonatal jaundice, and neonatal abstinence syndrome. Sudden infant death syndrome is the leading cause of death among neonatal infants who are between one month and one year. Neonatal jaundice refers to the yellowish coloration of the skin. It can occurs in infants within few days of birth. Some other disorders include neonatal hypothyroidism, neonatal thrombocytopenia, and neonatal seizures. Some of the common symptoms associated with neonatal infant disorders include fever, rapid breathing, poor feeding, vomiting, sneezing, and irritability. Moreover, chewing movements and persistent eye deviation are some other symptoms of these disorders.