Hialeah Gardens, FL -- (SBWIRE) -- 07/03/2014 -- Prednisone is a corticosteroid given to reduce inflammation, treat autoimmune diseases, neurological conditions, some cancer, skin diseases and allergic reactions in cats, dogs and horses. Addison’s disease which results when the adrenal glands do not produce enough cortisol is managed with prednisone as are many other diseases where inflammation is a major component. It manages the symptoms of inflammation and often other should not be given long-term because of the side effects.
Dogs and cats will eat, drink and urinate more. Dogs tend to experience more side effects than cats and may have a poor hair coat, gastrointestinal problems such as ulcers, vomiting, diarrhea, weight gain, pancreatitis, high levels of fats, elevated liver enzymes, diabetes, problems with muscle wasting and changes in behavior. Ulcers that were present prior to treatment will likely get worse.
Animals with fungal infections should not receive prednisone and it can leave animals at a greater risk of bacterial and viral infections because it suppresses the immune system.
Ponies are at a higher risk of laminitis when given prednisone. When animals are on steroids long term, their adrenal glands stop secreting cortisol so the treatment has to end gradually or they can experience a metabolic crisis.
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