Albany, NY -- (SBWIRE) -- 07/08/2014 -- Cellulosic ethanol which is manufactured using inedible parts of plants, wood and grasses is a biofuel. Lignocellulose basically is a structural material that consists of mass of plants such as hemicelluloses, cellulose and lignin. Wood chips, panicum virgatum and some byproducts of tree maintenance are various cellulosic materials used for production of ethanol. Ethanol production form lignocellulose has advantage of abundant raw materials than other sources which include cane sugars and corn. These sources require large amount of processing to provide the microorganisms with sugar monomers that produce ethanol. Owing to high productivity per acre, switchgrass and miscanthus are the key raw materials which are studied in recent times. The two ways in which ethanol can be produced are gasification and fermentation process. The gasification process transforms the lignocellulose raw material into hydrogen and gaseous carbon monoxide. The other process is cellulolysis process in which hydrolysis is carried on pretreated lignocellulosic raw materials with the help of enzymes to break the complex cellulose into sugars that include glucose, which is followed by distillation and fermentation.
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Cellulosic ethanol commercialization is a process in which an industry is build out of methods of turning cellulose containing organic matter into fuel. The companies such as Abengoa, POET and Iogen are planning to build refineries which can process biomass and further produce ethanol. Enzyme producing companies such as Novozymes, DuPont, Dyadic and Diversa may help in creating cellulosic ethanol in future. Cellulosic ethanol is a major source of sustainable energy. Many feedstocks such as woody biomass, corn cobs among others are readily available and are expected to decrease the CO2 emissions as compared to the petroleum based fuels. Commercialization of cellulosic biofuel industry is energizing global economy and reaching the untapped global supply of renewable biomass.
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The US Federal Government is the key promoter of cellulosic ethanol as an alternative to the petroleum fuels. Many programs that are sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) are basically research to develop ethanol fermenting organisms and cellulose hydrolysis enzymes, to co-fund initial ethanol from biomass production facilities. Research in this field is carried out by various national laboratories such as Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Idaho National Laboratory (INL).
Some of factors that are expected to drive the cellulosic ethanol market is the growing demand of biofuel due to its environment friendly nature and abundant benefits to human as well as environment. In addition, commercialization of cellulosic biofuels is driving innovations, supporting farmers and creating jobs.
Some of the key trends that are pragmatic in the cellulosic ethanol market globally include, increase in government blending rate targets, increase in number of deals in the market and decrease in the enzyme costs. Owing to the continuous research and development in the cellulosic ethanol market, cellulosic ethanol is expected to gain significant viable option and the use of biomass, which is available, will be intensified, resulting in creation of immense profits for the biofuel industry. Some of the key players profiled in this market research report include: British Petroleum, Novozymes, DuPont, INEOS and Blue Fire Renewables among others.
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