Albany, NY -- (SBWIRE) -- 04/10/2018 -- Global Cenospheres Market: Snapshot
Cenospheres, the high strength, small sized, lightweight, non-porous, free flowing, hollow ceramic spheres produced in coal fired thermal power plants during the burning of lignite or coal at very elevated temperatures, find extensive usage across a number of industries owing to their physical properties. Cenospheres find usage as fillers in a number of applications, replacing resins and minerals and imparting diverse benefits such as reduced shrinkage, improved level of thermal insulation, weight reduction, improved level of fire resistance, and easier application.
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Industries such as oil and gas, building, plastics, aerospace, automotive, and surface coating continue to be some of the leading consumers of cenospheres and new application areas are being devised at an encouraging pace. Owing to their natural properties, cenospheres can be used in forms such as dry, wet, or slurry. Owing to their inert nature, cenospheres are not affected by acids, alkalis, water, or solvents. Hence, cenospheres have an impressive reusability quotient. Cenospheres are nearly 30% lighter than conventionally used resins and nearly 75% lighter than most minerals used as fillers or extenders.
These two factors chiefly contribute to the increased demand for cenospheres in the industrial sector. Their role in improving the strength and durability of products while also allowing a massive reduction in product weight enhances their applicability. Moreover, their high reusability quotient works in their favor as the interest of governments, businesses, and consumers in environmental concerns has significantly heightened of late.
Cenospheres can be defined as the inert, lightweight hollow spheres made from silica and alumina. They are the byproducts of coal combustion in thermal power plants. Cenospheres have great buoyancy as they have very low density ranging between 0.4-0.8 g/cm³. They are light, waterproof, rigid, insulative, and innoxious in nature which makes them highly useful in numerous products, particularly fillers. They have compressive strengths of more than 3000 psi and are available in size of 500 microns. Cenospheres are produced when coal is burned in thermal power plants, consists mainly ceramic particles such as alumina and silica.
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Composition and structure of cenospheres depends on the composition of coal used in thermal power plants. They have special characteristics such as resistance to acids, low water absorption, high particle strength, ultra-low density, and low thermal conductivity making them useful in improving properties of finished consumer products. Owing to their unique properties they have found applications in polymers and metals for the production of composite materials, fillers in cements, antistatic coatings in paints, conductive coatings & electromagnetic shielding, fabrics, and tiles among others. Cenospheres were initially used as extenders for plastic compounds, owing to their compatibility with phenolic resins, latex, urethanes, plastisols, polyesters, thermoplastics, and epoxies. They also find their application in synthetic foams, in fire and heat protection devices, automobile bodies, specialty cements, insulations, building materials, sport equipment, and paints.