Albany, NY -- (SBWIRE) -- 08/10/2018 -- Enteroviruses are small, contagious single-stranded ribonucleic acid (RNA) viruses associated with several human and mammalian diseases. The enterovirus genus comprise 12 species which includes four major serotypes including poliovirus, coxsackievirus, echovirus and enterovirus. The newly identified enteroviruses are named with a system of consecutive numbers as EV68, EV69, EV70, etc. Enteroviruses are among the most common human viruses, infecting approximately one billion people annually, majorly infants and children. Diseases such as polio, meningitis, pancreatitis, hepatitis, encephalitis, hand, foot and mouth disease; birth defects, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and cardiac disorders are caused by different types of enteroviruses.
These viruses are directly or indirectly transferred from person to person typically by the fecal-oral route, respiratory route and also from the mother to infant in the peripartum period. However, more than 50% of enterovirus infections are asymptomatic. Mild symptoms such as cold and fever occur in the infected person. Therefore, diagnosis of this infection is difficult and would be made easy with technological advancement in diagnostic tools.
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Based on the type of diagnostic tests, the Enterovirus Diagnostic Market is analyzed into viral isolation testing, serology testing and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. Viral isolation method is the standard diagnostic method performed by isolating virus from the CSF, blood or feces or from multiple sites. PCR, on the other hand, is a very sensitive and specific diagnostic test method providing rapid test results. In addition, based on the site of diagnosis, the enterovirus diagnostic market is analyzed into four categories as hospitals, commercial or private laboratories, public health laboratories and physician offices. There has been rising number of private clinical laboratories which is taking away the market share of public health laboratories. Public health laboratories are usually the preferred testing sites for endemic infections.
Some of the growth drivers of this market include rising population, lack of vaccination in some low and middle income countries and malnutrition, deteriorating the immune system and activating the enterovirus present in the human body.
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