Los Angeles, CA -- (SBWIRE) -- 04/02/2014 -- Exercise is important, but so is the time we remain sitting. New research released in the Journal of Applied Physiology has revealed that the time we spend sitting instead of moving about could have a huge impact on metabolism rates regardless of how much exercise we engage in.
Our bodies are designed to be active throughout the day, and while hitting the gym or the outdoors for an hour long run or fitness class is beneficial for heath, coming home and sitting on the couch or in an office chair for the rest of the day can have negative impacts.
Insulin is a hormone the body produces to regulate blood sugars, and overtime a diet high in carbohydrates coupled with extended inactive times can make a person resistant to this hormone. This means that the body must produce more insulin in order to regulate blood sugar, and overtime this production can reach unhealthy levels – which results in type 2 diabetes.
In addition to making insulin rise, inactivity has been shown to increase lipid levels as well. Lipids have been shown to cause cellular expansion when absorbed in large quantities and subjected to long periods of sitting or inactivity. The solution to this isn’t as simple as switching to a low-fat diet, because the body needs to be inactive in order to encourage burning of carbohydrates we consume instead of just sugars.
On a structural level, inactivity can actually decrease bone density. Sitting takes weight off the body and bones, and the adage that if “you don’t use it you lose it” can actually become a reality. If the bones don’t encounter stress each day, they become weaker and more brittle which can lead to injury and more inactivity.
Becoming more active doesn’t necessarily involve more time at the gym. It involves getting up and moving about at the office, or straightening up the house on a daily basis. By increasing minor activities, we can decrease overall body mass and make sure metabolism levels stay active and healthy.
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