Boston, MA -- (SBWIRE) -- 02/13/2014 -- Uganda's defence spending has fluctuated wildly during the forecast period 2010-2017. At the start of the decade, Uganda was spending up to US$585mn on defence. This then declined to US$583mn in 2011, before experiencing a steep decline to US$276mn in 2012 and then experiencing a slight gain to US$288mn in 2013. BMI believes that the defence budget will increase to US$342mn in 2014, before experiencing a significant increase to US$414mn in 2015. The final two years of the forecast period will see defence expenditure increasing to US$517mn in 2016 and then to US$639mn in 2017.
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On average, Uganda has maintained its combined personnel levels for its Army, Navy and Air Force at around 52,700 between the period 2000 and 2009. Moreover, the country is a net importer of military equipment as it has next to no defence industrial capability, save for the small-scale manufacture of some small arms and ammunition products. To this end, Uganda imports significant quantities of material from Russia and from other suppliers located in the former Warsaw Pact. Moreover, like several other African nations, Uganda is importing increasing quantities of materiel from China.
Uganda has to cope with a number of distinct security threats, not least of which is a continued insurgency led by the Lord's Resistance Army, which is the target of military operations led by the Ugandan armed forces. The country has pledged itself to the defence of South Sudan and, should relations continue to worsen between South Sudan and Sudan as they have done since the independence of the former in 2011, Uganda could find itself embroiled in a conflict with the latter in the future. Furthermore, Uganda is judged to also have a moderate risk from terrorist attack. This is partly due to its geographical location. Eastern Africa has become increasingly susceptible to Islamist-based political violence in recent years as the focus of al-Qaeda's operations shifts from Central Asia to Africa.
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