Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection in the female reproductive system that includes ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, and cervix. Pelvic inflammation is generally caused by a sexually transmitted infection, like gonorrhea and chlamydia. Between 10% to 20% of women with gonococcal infection and 20% to 40% of women with cervical chlamydial infection eventually develop pelvic inflammatory disease. Early diagnosis and treatment are believed to be key elements in the prevention of the condition. If pelvic inflammation is not treated it leads to long term, serious problems such as infertility, Ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain. According to the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, more than 1 million women each year are affected by pelvic inflammatory disease in the U.S. Pelvic inflammation is more common among younger women. In the U.S., the cost of treating pelvic inflammatory disease is approximately US$ 2,000 per patient. Women with pelvic inflammatory disease have a 20% chance of developing infertility from tubal scarring. Approximately 13% of women are infertile after a single episode of pelvic inflammatory disease, 25-35% after two episodes, and 50-75% after three or more episodes. The month of April is celebrated as Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) Awareness month, a time to remind teens and adults of the dangers of STIs and ways to prevent them.