The growing environmental and industrial pollution across the globe is lifting the need for an efficient water treatment equipment. The spread of diseases and incidences of chronic diseases is rising due to the negative impact of industrialization on water. It is also said to negatively impact 1 billion people each day in several developing countries across the globe. At present, all the prime sources of fresh water such as glaciers, municipal water systems, wells, rivers, and lakes are polluted to a great extent. Such kind of contamination is the main cause of diseases such as liver damage, cancer, and other serious infections. Water treatment is referred to as the industrial process of treating water to make it more usable for several purposes such as drinking, industrial, and medicinal. This process eliminated the water contaminants to make it fir for respective end use. The polluted water can be treated by means such as biological, chemical, and physical wastewater treatment.