Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that cause recurrent unprovoked seizures, characterized by brief and undetectable episodes of involuntary movement involving either a body part (partial) or the entire body (generalized). The fundamental cause of epilepsy is unknown however, some people develop epilepsy as the result of trauma, strokes, brain tumors, infections and birth defects. According to World Health Organization (WHO), approximately 50 million of world's population is currently suffering with epilepsy making it one of the most common neurological disorder worldwide. The disease is found to be prevalent in pediatric population as compared to the adult population leading to greater probability for general practitioners to consult patients with epilepsy in daily practice. According to Center of Diseases Control (CDC) statistics, in 2010, approximately 460,000 children's in the U.S. were diagnosed with epilepsy. Diagnosis of epilepsy is done using blood tests which includes complete blood count, computerized tomography scanning (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and electroencephalograms (EEG) depending upon the epilepsy symptoms. Correct diagnosis has practical consequences involving optimal therapeutic choice and appreciation of the epilepsy outcome. Treatment of pediatric epilepsy depends upon the age, the type of epileptic syndrome and etiology of epilepsy. Most of the children's who develop epilepsy are treated with anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs). The first drug to treat pediatric epilepsy was developed in 1912, phenobarbitone. At present more than 26 AED's are available in the market to treat various epileptic syndrome. In about 70% of cases of pediatric epilepsy, AED can completely control seizures. Treatment with ketogenic diet i.e. high-fat, adequate-protein, low-carbohydrate diet, is generally recommended for children's who have not responded successfully to other treatments. However, in severe cases the treatment of choice is hemispherectomy, a surgical procedure wherein all the hemispheres of the brain are removed.