Food encapsulation technology helps in stabilizing food ingredients to allow flavor retention, and remove bad taste from the food. With the help of food encapsulation, food and beverages industry tried to overcome challenges such as maintaining taste, color and nutrition of the product and preservation of the product. Food encapsulation has the ability to make easy coating of food particles or ingredients such as acidulants, fats, flavors, and whole ingredients such as raisins or nuts. With the increasing health awareness, consumers are giving more preference for tasty, healthy and convenient and these demands can be achieved by food encapsulation. On the basis of technology type, global food encapsulation market can be segmented into microencapsulation, nanoencapsulation and hybrid technologies. Food encapsulation technologies such as microencapsulation and nanoencapsulation have improved the food encapsulation industry. Microencapsulation is largely preferred over nanoencapsulation and hybrid technologies due to its cost-effectiveness, flexibility and versatility.