Optical preform is the crude material for optical fibers. The ones that are used for drawing optical fibers used as a part of broadcast telecommunications are silica glass rods. Distinctive manufacturing strategies are used to fabricate optical preforms, for example, Vapor Axial Deposition, Chemical Vapor Deposition, Modified Chemical Vapor Deposition, and Plasma Chemical Vapor Deposition and so on. VAD or Vapor Axial Deposition strategy yields fantastic optical fibers that have most reduced levels of dampness. Optical fiber preform, a type of specialty glass preform used to draw optical fiber, is the center material for the manufacturing of optical fiber. Staying at the peak of the pyramid of the optical fiber and cable industry, the optical fiber preform industry witnesses' quick advancement, with worldwide demand achieving 11,017 tons in 2015, up 21.6% from a year prior, and anticipated to accomplish 21,000 tons in 2020.